Marijuana (Marijuana, Cannabis) and hemp are gaining a lot of attention. Because Thailand has the policy to plant hemp and hemp an economical plant, But initially, cannabis cultivation is not allowed to the private sector, in general, will be limited to hospitals, universities, and community enterprises Because it contains THC, which has a higher intoxication effect than hemp. Still, the government will allow the private sector to grow it for hemp. Therefore, there are many people interested in planting to bring benefits.
The benefits of Cannabis and hemp are very diverse. However, we will talk about the part that has a therapeutic effect, which can be considered well-being chemicals. The main active ingredient extracted to make medicine is CBD, a legally available substance, while THC is classified as a drug, which the law requires to extract as much as possible.
CBD extraction process
- Must bring marijuana or hemp. to
- Isolates as much as possible from unwanted parts such as colors, heavy metals, pesticides, other oils and achieves the highest CBD concentration (Davis).
- Put into the drug, which is made in powder, Will be easier to use. It can be made into a capsule or tablet (Syloid XDP).
Basic knowledge of cannabis Hemp
Cannabis (Cannabis or marijuana plant)
Cannabis has an English name that is often referred to as Cannabis, Marijuana. The scientific name Cannabis sativa forma indica has a short, bushy stem. Usually, less than 2 meters tall, the cannabis plant is quite branching than hemp. Marijuana has broad, thick leaves. They are closely arranged, with about 5-7 lobes and dark green. The stem is segmented or short, the bark is difficult to peel, and the fibers are long. But it is of lower quality than hemp. Hemp seeds are smaller than hemp. The skin has a shiny appearance.
Marijuana refers to anything that comes from the cannabis plant. Both plant parts and natural substances in cannabis plants Marijuana is a Category 5 narcotic (under the Narcotic Drugs Act of 1979), but cannabis plants can be grown for clinical use.
Cannabis is a bioactive herb containing more than 450 chemical compounds, more than 60 of which are cannabinoids such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinol (CBN). , Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabichtomme (CBC), Cannabigerol (CBG), etc. The most common are Tetrahydrocannabinoids (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol: THC) and cannabidiol (cannabidiol: CBD) RAW Organic Hemp Cones.
Hemp is a plant. The English name is Hemp (Hemp), the scientific name is Cannabis sativa L.subsp. Sativa, in the family Cannabaceae, is the same family as Cannabis. But a subspecies Hemp has a tall, slender trunk, more than 2 meters, less branching. Hemp leaves are prominent. We have arranged further apart from the cannabis leaves. Hemp leaf is a single leaf; the light green color looks like a palm. The leaves are lobed, about 7-11 lobes per leaf; the edge is like a saw blade. The tip of the leaf is slender and pointed. Joint or joint The peel is sticky and easy to peel. Provide high-quality long fiber Hemp seeds that are large. The appearance is oval, round, oval. Its smooth surface has brown streaks. The seeds contain a large amount of starch and fat nutrients.
Hemp’s strength is not THC, but (Cannabidiol), which is primarily extracted for medicinal benefits such as pain relief. or help combat the symptoms of epilepsy, cure insomnia but not drunk. It is not as addictive as THC, which is hemp has a higher CBD to THC ratio than Cannabis, with about 2% or more of CBD in hemp, while less than 2 in Cannabis. % This is because hemp contains less drunk substances. Therefore has a less stimulating effect on the nerves. Hence, hemp is used for other uses rather than the addictive substance that Cannabis is. As a result, many countries have allowed the legal cultivation of hemp plants. However, the plant must be controlled not to contain the drug substance (THC) higher than the specified amount.
Hemp was initially classified as a Category 5 drug under the Narcotic Drugs Act of 1979 because hemp is a subspecies of Cannabis that contains the active substance known as Tetrahydrocannabinol (Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC), which acts on the central nervous system, so the production, import, export, possession or even use will be criminally punished But after hemp is unlocked Hemp bark, stem, fibrous, root, correct leaf/propeller, branch/stalk, dried bark, dried stem core, dry fiber, extraction residue, CBD extracts containing no more than 0.2% THC, including hemp seeds. and extract are not considered a drug. Besides hemp flowers, which are still a category five drug, hemp plantings must be appropriately licensed first.